How to measure blood pressure?

The 10 golden rules for measuring blood pressure:

  1. Always measure at the same time. As people have approx. 100.000 different blood pressure levels each day, the individual measurements have no validity. Only regular measurements at the same times of day, over a long period of time, enable a meaningful assessment of blood pressure.
  2. Do not consume nicotine and coffee within an hour before the measurement.
  3. In a relaxed position, after resting for 2 to 3 minutes, take the measurement in a sitting position. Even desk work raises blood pressure by an average of approx. 6 mmHg systolically and 5 mmHg diastolically.
  4. Do not measure under a strong urge to urinate. A full bladder can lead to a blood pressure increase of approx. 10 mmHg.
  5. Before measuring, read the operation instructions closely. The correct handling of blood pressure monitors ensures the quality of the measurement and leads to accurate measurement results.
  6. When using a wrist-based measuring device, keep the cuff (of the wrist) at the level of the heart during measurement. In the case of a measuring device on the upper arm, the cuff on the arm is automatically at the correct height.
  7. During the measurement, do not speak or move. Speech increases the values by approx. 6 - 7 mmHg.
  8. Between two measurements, wait at least one minute so that the vessels are relieved of the pressure for a new measurement.
  9. Enter the values into the blood pressure diary: In your blood pressure diary, always write down the measured values together with medication taken as well as the date and time.
  10. Measure regularly. Even if your values have improved, you should still continue to check them as a control measure.