Hypotension and sports

Pursuing endurance sports regularly will strengthen the heart and trains the circulation. Persons suffering from low blood pressure should aim at training their vascular system in particular. It will adapt faster and better to the demands (such as standing up, change of weather and temperature, for example), and the dizzy spells will occur less frequently.

All types of sports with medium exertion are suitable for vascular training, in which all muscle groups are put on stress at the same time, if possible. Examples here are hiking, swimming, gymnastics or Nordic walking. High constant strain (fast jogging without breaks) and peak loads (weight-lifting) are less beneficial. Muscle re-education is not necessarily the main objective in this case, but the physical activation causes a positive effect.

If you want to get your circulation going by sports, you should talk to your doctor about your intentions. He will tell you which type of sport is suitable for your form of low blood pressure. Persons suffering from cardio-vascular disease or following longer absence from the sport should pass an exercise tolerance test before starting training.

Which type of sports benefits what?

Jogging will stabilise the blood pressure primarily by heart performance. At the end of the exertion, the blood pressure may drop quickly. Gymnastic phases are beneficial whilst jogging. Jogging phases may also be alternated with fast walking periods in order to dose the exertion. If you want, you can check the exertion by means of a pulse monitor.

All muscle groups are exercised in this case. On account of the water pressure from the outside, the filling and elasticity of the vessels is improved at the same time. For this reason, swimming in regular intervals is considered to be very suitable for vascular training.

The peripheral vessels are trained very well by the permanent change between exertion and relief. In addition, the body gets used to the fast change of the body position. Untrained persons will suffer from dizziness rather quickly, other than trained persons after regular gymnastics.

Cycling activates the so-called muscle pump. The muscles of the lower legs primarily press the blood from the veins up against gravity. Thus, the blood is available for circulation again instead of rushing into the legs. Moreover, cycling is a joint-sparing endurance sport, in which the exertion can be dosed well. Depending on fitness, you can relax on easy tours or you can rage yourself out during difficult mountain legs. For this reason cycling is highly recommended as circulatory training.

What is hypotension?